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Majority of Filipino youth respondents have “average skills” in identifying fake news

Duterte supporters, more likely to believe fake news

QUEZON CITY – Majority or 52.5% of youth respondents only got six to eight correct answers or an average score of 6.9 in a 10-item fake news quiz, according to a study conducted by Boses, Opinyon, Siyasat, at Siyensya para sa Pilipinas (BOSES Pilipinas) released on Wednesday.

“Overall, we can conclude based on these figures that our students only have average skills in identifying fake news,” BOSES Pilipinas convenor Dr. Imelda Deinla said during an on-line press conference.

Aside from taking the fake news quiz, respondents were also asked to rate their level of confidence with their abilities in recognizing fake news items.

Majority or 63% of the respondents said they are somewhat confident in identifying fake news. However, the same set of respondents only scored an average of 6.9 on the 10-item fake news quiz. Only 23% said they are very confident and scored an average of 7.2. Thirteen percent said they are not very confident and scored an average of 6.5, while 1% said they are not confident at all and scored an average score of 5.7 (note: refer to the attached PVV Round 2 explainer for complete results).

“There is a big mismatch between the students’ perceived ability in identifying fake news from real news, and their actual performance in the face of fake news. This means, their confidence did not translate to their ability when they answered the quiz,” Dr. Deinla explained.

More than 20,000 students, who are eligible to vote in 2022, took part in the Pinoy Voters’ Vibe (PVV): Youth Edition surveys conducted from 23 August 2021 to 24 September 2021 through 25 partner colleges and universities across the country.

Dr. Deinla said that this was already the second round of PVV surveys. She explained that the results of the second round confirm the results of the first round, which showed very similar findings. The first round of PVV surveys were conducted from 17 May 2021 to 24 June 2021 and involved 7,744 respondents through 18 universities and colleges.

The PVV surveys featured a novel fake news quiz that is composed of Facebook posts containing shared photos with quotes supposedly attributed to selected Cabinet members of the current administration. The students were asked to classify the quote in the photo as true or false. BOSES Pilipinas used snowball sampling, a non-probability survey sampling technique.

Duterte supporters, more likely to believe fake news

Using the results from the first round of the PVV surveys, BOSES Pilipinas also analyzed the relationship between political polarization and the ability to recognize fake and real news.

Political polarization refers to a momentary division in support for two political elites. Last witnessed in the People Power movement between former Presidents Gloria Arroyo and Joseph Estrada, BOSES Pilipinas observed a wide divide in the current political landscape between Duterte and his allies, and opposition politicians led by Vice President Robredo

Results show that respondents who support President Rodrigo Duterte are more likely to believe in fake news and are less likely to believe in real news. On the other hand, respondents who support Vice Pre