Civic partnerships, voter perception key in May 2022 election success
MANILA – The Commission on Elections (COMELEC) is pushing for key electoral reforms to address deeply rooted issues, such as widespread vote-buying and campaign finance, following what its chairperson considers a successful May national and local elections.
Much of these reforms will be hinged on amendments to the Omnibus Election Code, which predates the 1987 Constitution, COMELEC Chairperson George Erwin Garcia said during a forum organized by the Ateneo School of Government (ASoG), through the non-partisan, pro-democracy coalition PARTICIPATE.
“All in all, ‘yung mabilis na [elections] result should not be a guarantee that the elections [were] honest, fair, and orderly. The basis should always be the perception of the people,” said Garcia, who gave the poll body a grade of 8 out of 10 for successfully holding the last elections.
“We will listen to you because [COMELEC] is a leadership that listens and will act based on what you are saying.”
The May 2022 elections had a record voter turnout of 83.07 percent or a total of 56,095,234 registered votes.
An election lawyer of 23 years before he was appointed to the COMELEC, Garcia said he was open to a hybrid election system, citing concerns that voters should see their votes actually counted before ballots were fed into vote counting machines (VCMs).
“The problem is, will the Congress, the Senate and the House [of Representatives], be willing to adopt a hybrid system of election?” said Garcia, adding it was also time to retire 10-year-old VCMs for the next elections.
A total of 1,295 or 1.22 percent of the VCMs encountered glitches and had to be replaced last May, said Director Abigail Llacuna, deputy chief of the COMELEC’s Education and Information Department.
At least 611 SD cards also needed reconfiguration, she said.
“For 2022, it appears that it is the highest VCM transmission in a span of 30 hours). More than 100,000 in a span of 30 hours,” she said. “There is a 98.92% transmission from VCM to Central and Transparency Servers and a 100% transmission to the election results website posting.”
Garcia said he was also open to early voting for persons-with-disabilities (PWDs) and senior citizens, and internet voting for Overseas Filipino Workers (OFW).
“Dahil ang mga Pilipino kasi number one sa internet usage, baka internet voting na ang solusyon (Because Filipinos are number one when it comes to internet usage, maybe internet voting is the solution). But we have to be very, very, very sure that the system will be highly protected and cannot be tampered with,” he said.
Garcia also cited the important contributions of partners from civil society and the academe — such as the Ateneo School of Government, La Salle Institute of Governance, Parish Pastoral Council for Responsible Voting, National Citizens' Movement for Free Elections, and the Legal Network for Truthful Elections — to the success of the May elections.
“Without the presence of these groups, the COMELEC [might not have been] aware that we [were] not ensuring greater transparency in the process of the conduct of the election,” he said.
“What is really important in order to ensure honest, credible, and peaceful elections is to likewise always ensure transparency and proper accountability.”
COMELEC assessment important in improving future elections
Dr. Julio Teehankee, PARTICIPATE’s Chief of Party, noted the importance of COMELEC’s official assessment of the May elections and its push for electoral reforms.
“By looking back into our experiences and lessons learned in our 2022 national and local elections, it could be a big step forward in improving our electoral and democratic processes,” he said in a video message.
“We still have miles to go in having a flawless electoral system, yet we are convinced that coming together and working things out, despite having differences, will be for our greater good.”
Dr. Philip Arnold Tuaño, ASoG dean, highlighted the need to “take stock of the lessons and gains that we have.”
“Despite the challenges, based on a recent survey, most Filipinos continue to show their trust in our electoral system,” he said.